The Dachshund or "badger dog" as its called in Germany comes in three coat varieties: shorthair, wirehair, and longhair. Each of these varieties also come with three sizes (see height and weight).

The Dachshund's body is longer than it is tall and has short, stubby legs. It's head is elongated with a slight, convex skull that is arched with protruding eyebrows.

The almond shaped eyes are either dark red or brown/black The mobile ears hang low by it's cheeks. Bicolor Dachshunds may be black and tan, black and creme, chocolate and tan, chocolate and creme, blue and tan, or blue and cream.

Solid colors include: black, red, isabella, chocolate, cream, and blue.

*Piebald: piebalds can be bicolored or tricolored.

They have a  white, solid coat with the exception of one or two patches of solid coloring.


Dachshund Animal Central wiki

Dachs can be described as many things: curious, clever, proud, brave, affectionate, lively, amusing, (etc).

They are extremely devoted to their family but can however, be slightly difficult to train and housebreak (but not impossible). Dachshunds travel well.

They are usually recommended for older, considerate children simply because most owners do not display proper Alpha to small dogs.

This breed has an instinct to dig. They are generally ok with other pets but once again, without proper leadership from their humans, they can become jealous, irritable or obstinate.  

Dachs that have human leadership are wonderful family companions and have excellent temperaments.


Height: Standard Size 8-11 inches (20 -27 cm)  Weight: Over 11 lbs (4.9kg) at the age of 12 months.

Miniature: Height 5-7 inches (13- 18 cm)  Weight: 11 lbs (4.9kg) or less at the age of 12 months.

Toy: Height up to 12 inches (30 cm)  Weight: 8 lbs (3.5kg) at the age of 12 months.

Health Problems

Prone to spinal disc problems, (Dachshund paralysis), urinary tract problems, heart disease and diabetes, prone to mast cell tumors.

Dachshunds have a tendency to become overweight (sometimes morbidly obese) and lazy. This is a serious health risk, putting added strain on the back.

Living Conditions

Good for apartment living. They are fairly active indoors and will do okay without a yard.


These are active dogs with surprising amounts of stamina. They need to be walked daily but also enjoy sessions of park play or play in other open areas.

Reminder-  Take caution when pedestrians are about because dachs are more likely to be stepped on than most visible dogs. They should be discouraged from jumping as they are prone to spinal damage.

Life Expectancy

About 12- 15 years.


Longhaired: Requires daily combing and brushing.

Wirehaired: Needs professional trimming twice a year.

Shorthaired: Requires regular rubdown with a damp cloth.

*Note: This breed is an average shedder.


Dachshunds originated in Germany in the early 1600s. They were bred to hunt small game such as rabbits or badgers, and their short stubby legs came in handy to help the Dachs travel deep into rabbit or badger tunnels where they could fight the prey to the death.

Smaller Dachshunds were bred to hunt hares and stoats. Dachshunds have many "terrier" characteristics. They're very versatile and courageous dogs and are known to take on foxes and otters too. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1885.


Hound, AKC Hound


  • "Dachs" is word for badger
  • Dachshunds have many unofficial nicknames not recognized by the AKC such as: Hotdog, Littledog, tweenie, dwarf, toy, teacup, micro-mini or Wienerdog.